**This benchmark was prepared based onAustralian Steel Institute (ASI) Steel Structures – Sample Worked Problems to AS 4100usingSDC for Femap and Simcenter Femap Version 2022.2**

Ensure your AS 4100 steel beam designs adhere to code requirements. In this benchmark example, we’ll determine the Design Section Moment Capacity with full lateral restraint using SDC Verifier 2024 R1.

You’ll get a detailed breakdown of input parameters, modeling considerations (including FEA software limitations), and results analysis.

Based on the input parameters presented above a beam model was created with the following material and property definitions:

**Note**: Because of the limitations of the FEA software the cross-section is defined without fillets, so slight differences in geometrical properties are to be expected.

Where possible these values have been modified manually (as for the moments of inertia 𝐼1 and 𝐼2 in the table above), but some are calculated internally without the possibility to modify them (e.g. plastic section modulus).

Additionally, the yield stress is defined with one value for the beam property, so it’s the same for both the web and the flange, while in the problem definition there is one value for the flange – 300 𝑀𝑃𝑎, and a different value for the web – 320 𝑀𝑃𝑎, so the lesser value was chosen.

The above parameters are checked within a **Property Check**, in this case, one defined for I-Beam cross-sections.

SDC Verifier follows the logic presented in the standard, where out of the two checked slenderness values (for the flange and the web) the governing one is picked as the section slenderness (**Lambda_s** in the above table).

As we can see the value of the slenderness is slightly lower for the already mentioned reason of using the lower value of the yield stress for the whole cross-section. Similarly, the value of the effective section modulus (**Z_e**) is also lower (1810 ∗ 103 𝑚𝑚^{3} compared to 1840∗103 𝑚𝑚^{3}, so by about 1.6%), because of the mentioned limitations of the FEA software.

We can also see the flag **Is** **Section Compact** which confirms that the section is compact (**1.00=𝑦𝑒𝑠**). In the calculation details, we can additionally check the flange slenderness value (**Lambda_ef**):

*which matches the value in the example.*

When calculating the nominal section moment capacity (M_sx) SDC Verifier follows the logic of the standard as well, so the multiplication by the capacity factor 𝜙 happens later when comparing it to the design bending moment.

That’s why the value obtained in the table has to be additionally reduced by 𝜙 for the purposes of the calculations in this example:

𝜙∗𝑀_{𝑠𝑥}=0.9∗543073 𝑁𝑚=489 𝑘𝑁𝑚

As we can see the obtained value is slightly lower than in the example, but that’s due to the already mentioned lack of possibility to define fillets for the cross-section in the FEA software. If we were to increase it by the 1.6% that was lost due to this inaccuracy in the plastic section modulus, we would obtain values that completely match (489 𝑘𝑁𝑚∗101.6 %= 𝟒𝟗𝟕 𝒌𝑵𝒎).

## Conclusion

This benchmark demonstrated the accuracy of SDC Verifier in calculating Design Section Moment Capacity under full lateral restraint conditions.

While FEA software may introduce slight variations, the core methodology aligns precisely with the AS 4100 standard. By understanding these nuances, you can effectively validate your beam designs for reliable results.

*This post uses screenshots from the Steel Structures Sample Worked Problems to AS 4100 document*