Deflection / Serviceability check

For civil engineering and many other industries, it is important to ensure that a structure meets the functional requirements - the Serviceability limit state (SLS). It does not involve collapse or strength of a building but impairs it usefulness and stiffness.

Deflection is the displacement within a structural member under the influence of loads, ignoring the displacements of the rest of the structure.

Deflection

To add deflection check, first Custom Standard has to be created - execute Add - Custom from the Standards context menu. After that execute Add - Deflection from the Checks context menu.

Deflection

On the deflection form, the lists of beam members/sub-members in Y and Z direction are shown. It is possible to set the Allowable Limit, Support Type. By default allowable limit is set to 200 and support type is defined based on Joints recognized in the mode.

In general, the deflection limits are based on the beam member's lengths (span) which results in different allowable deflections in every point or node of the construction. For example, the serviceability limits suggested by the UK National Annex for the Eurocode 3 (BS EN 1993-1-1) for allowable vertical and horizontal deflections are shown below:

Cantilevers Length/180
Beams carrying plaster of brittle finishSpan/360
Other beams (except purlins and sheeting rails)Span/200
Purlins and sheeting railsTo suit the characteristics of particular cladding

Values can be edited directly in the table for a single member or using the following control for few members:

Deflection_values

Set default - set type based on recognized joints. If both ends are unsupported the member cannot be calculated.

For each member in the table start/end node id, location and member's elements orientation check are shown:

Deflection tart/end node id, location and member's elements orientation check

Deflection is calculated in the local element coordinate system and it is important that the orientation of all line elements were in the same direction.

To display label plot for selected members press Button_characteristic :

display label plot for selected members

Support Type Plot:

Support Type Plot

Allowable Limit Plot:

Deflection_allowable_limit_plot

Table

Execute Table from the Deflection Check context menu:

Deflection_check_table

Select Load using Load Selector control.

By default members in Y and Z directions are shown. It is possible limit members by Filter (only Y direction, only Z, major axis, minor axis) or

Selection (member will be displayed if all elements of members are in selection).

Show only envelop results - display only envelop results (not load group items results);

Show deflection location - display nodes ids for minimum and maximum deflections;

Press Fill Table to display data.

Select single member and press to display the deflection graph (for Load Group if option Show only worst results is OFF, the deflection for all load group items will be shown, otherwise, only envelop graph):

Deflection_display_graph

Criteria Plot

Execute Criteria Plot from the Deflection Check context menu:

Deflection_criteria_plot

Select Parameter, Direction, View, LG Parameter (for Load Group only) and press Button_display_plot.

display plot with all the settings;

- display plot with current view settings (ignore view from plot options);

- display plot with current view settings and current selection (ignore view and selection from plot options);

There is a possibility to filter elements selection based on the result criteria (type): Below, Above, Between, Outside. If the Absolute Value option is set, the absolute result value is compared to the selected criteria.

Use Labels Control to include labels with extreme values over recognition items (members), display min/max values of the model or show coordinates of sections from Panel Finder.